A View of Food Security through A Policy Coherent Lens: This commentary on Food Security is aimed to help maximise the potential to increase economic development and reduce poverty. The concept “Food Security” is not always well understood to ensure sectors working with food security always consider nutrition explicitly as a prerequesite, perhaps the term “food and nutrition security” should be used.

    Publikation: Bog/antologi/rapport/kliniske retningslinjerRapportForskning

    Abstract

    The term “food and nutrition security” reflects the multisector collaboration needed between those working with food security and nutrition security. The term expresses an integrated development goal to help guide implementation of policy and cost-effective programmatic action: As agreed by FAO Member States “Food and nutrition security exists when all people at all times have physical, social and economic access to food, which is safe and consumed in sufficient quantity and quality to meet their dietary needs and food preferences, and is supported by an environment of adequate sanitation, health services and care, allowing for a healthy and active life.”
    Nearly 200 million are chronically undernourished (stunted) and this number could double over next 15 years if development policies are not coherent. The food crisis in 2008 closely followed by the economic crisis drew stark attention this. Despite efforts by the international community persistent chronic undernutrition exists and levels are even increasing. Food Security if viewed through a policy coherent lens can successfully fight poverty and promote human rights by considering the following:
     Policy Coherence for Develoment adresses “food security” and “climate change”. By ensuring nutrition is explicit in their policies the agriculture, health, environment and education sectors can develop more coherent policies to prevent unintentional harm and achieve their goals. For example investing in gender equality can help to reduce population growth which is expected to increase demands for food by 50%.
     Nutrition Insecurity hinders development goals and policy makers should understand the difference between “chronic undernutrition” and “hunger”.
     The role of Sustainable Agriculture and Food Production is primarily to feed people by increasing availability, affordability and consumption of biodiverse, safe, nutritious foods aligned with dietary recommendations and environmental sustainability.
     Given that the number of chronically undernourished (stunted) could double over next 15 years, the Post-2015 Agenda and its Poverty Reduction strategies present a renewed opportunity to reduce stunted growth (both in economic and human terms).
     Improvements in Climate Change and Green Growth can be achieved by the production of biodiverse foods that underpin human health; food and nutrition security; ecosystem resilience; sustainable livelihoods and the ability of farmers to cope with climate change.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Antal sider17
    StatusUdgivet - 2014

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