Activity repertoires and time use in people living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Tina Helle, Tanja Joho, Rina Juel Kaptain, Anders Kottorp

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Background: Understanding the dynamics and aspects of how activity choices impact health and well-being in people living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is important to inform rehabilitation. Aim: To describe, firstly, how much time people living with COPD spend on work, daily living tasks, recreation and rest; secondly, how this population perceived competence, importance and enjoyment related to these activities; thirdly, if differences in such perceptions and time use were associated with the living situation and COPD severity. Material and methods: This cross-sectional study involved 76 participants (þ45 years, COPD, living in ordinary homes), who completed the Occupational Questionnaire (OQ). Descriptive statistics and group comparisons were performed. Results: Most of the participants’ time were spent on daily living activities and recreational activities. Participants spent approx. 80% of their recorded time in OQ on activities they valued, enjoyed and in which they felt competent. Participants living alone scored significantly lower on enjoyment in restful activities than those living in couples (p<0.05). No statistically significant difference in perceived competence, importance or enjoyment was found in relation to COPD severity. Conclusions and significance: Findings underscore the importance of targeting overall daily activity repertoires including compositions of activity types, time use and perceived competence, importance and enjoyment.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Antal sider7
ISSN1103-8128
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 10 jun. 2020

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