Aim: To investigate approaches among healthcare providers (HCPs) that support or hinder person-centredness in group-based diabetes education programmes targeting persons with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: Ethnographic ﬁeldwork in a municipal and a hospital setting in Denmark. The two programmes included 21participants and 10 HCPs and were observed over 5 weeks. Additionally, 10 in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients (n = 7) and HCPs (n = 3). Data were analysed using systematic text condensation.
Results: Hindering approaches included a teacher-centred focus on delivering disease-speciﬁc information. Communication was dialog based, but HCPs primarily asked closed-ended questions with one correct answer. Additional hindering approaches included ignoring participants with suboptimal health behaviours and a tendency to moralize that resulted in feelings of guilt among participants. Supporting approaches included letting participants set the agenda using broad, open-ended questions.
Discussion: Healthcare providers are often socialized into a biomedical approach and trained to be experts. However, person-centredness involves redeﬁned roles and responsibilities. Applying person-centredness in practice requires continuous training and supervision, but HCPs often have minimum support for developing person-centred communication skills. Techniques based on motivational communication, psychosocial methods and facilitating group processes are effective person-centred approaches in a group context.
Conclusion: Teacher-centredness undermined person-centredness because HCPs primarily delivered disease-speciﬁc recommendations, leading to biomedical information overload for participants.
- Sygdom, sundhedsvidenskab og sygepleje