Study Design: A nonblinded randomized controlled trial. Introduction: Occupation-based interventions are superior to physical exercise–based interventions in patients with activity limitations. However, only a few studies have examined the effect in patients with hand-related disorders. Patients recover heterogeneously, which could be due to personal factors, such as sense of coherence (SOC). Purpose of the study: To investigate the effectiveness of an occupation-based intervention for patients with hand-related disorders and whether SOC can give an indication of the expected effects. Methods: A total of 504 patients were stratified into three SOC groups and then randomized to either an occupation-based intervention, including physical exercises (OBI) or a physical exercise–based occupation-focused intervention. The primary outcome, functioning, was measured using the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire. Primary endpoint was at three months. Patients were followed up for a year. Results: No significant difference was found in primary outcome analysis. Nevertheless, patients receiving OBI had a statistically significant and greater change in satisfaction with their occupational performance at one, two, and three months follow-up. Patients with a weak SOC had worse functioning and lower health-related quality of life than those in the other groups, at all times. Conclusions: OBI as delivered in this study was not superior to physical exercise–based occupation-focused intervention in this patient group. However, in taking a client-centered approach, we recommend that OBI be based on individual needs, given that patients had a statistically greater change in score regarding satisfaction with their occupational performance. It is evident that patients with a weaker SOC have a lower level of functioning. This knowledge should inform clinical practice.
Hansen, A. Ø., Kristensen, H. K., Cederlund, R., Møller, S., & Tromborg, H. B. (2020). An occupation-based intervention in patients with hand-related disorders grouped using the Sense of Coherence scale – a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Hand Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jht.2019.12.009