Aspects affecting occupational therapists' reasoning when implementing research-based evidence in stroke rehabilitation

Lise Hounsgaard, H. K. Kristensen, T. Borg

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
When implementing evidence-based practice in occupational therapy the investigation of clinical reasoning provides important information on research utilization.

AIM:
This study investigates aspects affecting occupational therapists' reasoning when implementing research-based evidence within stroke rehabilitation.

METHODS:
The study was based on a phenomenological hermeneutical and an action research approach in collaboration with three occupational therapy settings including 25 occupational therapists. Data collection consisted of 41 field observations, 14 individual interviews, and six focus-group interviews.

RESULTS:
New knowledge concerning the substantial influence of professional values in the occupational therapists' local cultures was indicated. It was of importance that the therapists as a group are given the opportunity to explicit and critically appraise values and knowledge use in order to develop their practice knowledge and new skills. Moreover personal values and clinical experiences influenced clinical reasoning. Current knowledge of the importance of local cultures and leadership was reinforced.

CONCLUSION:
The influence of professional values in the occupational therapists' local cultures was a substantial factor in the implementation processes. In addition personal values and clinical experiences influenced professional decision-making. Furthermore, the study reinforced current knowledge of the importance of culture and leadership in implementation of research-based clinical guidelines.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Vol/bind19
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)118-131
ISSN1103-8128
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012

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