Bridging the Gap Between Actors and Digital tools in a Furnishing Design Process

Mai Brink Rasmussen, Anne Nørkjær Nielsen

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftPaper/skriftligt oplægForskningpeer review


The high level of complexity in today’s building design requires a high level of interdisciplinary collaboration, which historically is an uncommon working method in the building industry. To support the interdisciplinary collaboration,
new digital tools such as Building Information Models (BIM) and Virtual Reality (VR) can be implemented in various phases of the building project. The implementation of BIM is expected to support the designers and improve the
collaboration among multiple actors, but the social aspects related to the use of BIM in the design process needs further investigation and development. Knotworking is one solution that seeks to improve the interdisciplinary collaboration during the design process involving tools to solve specific themes, or “knots”, of the design. In this study, we investigate the use of Knotworking in a small-scale project – a furnishing design process of a new building at Aalborg University in Denmark. Two design workshops of one day each were held with two weeks in between aiming to furnish 5000 square meters. 20 actors were gathered for the workshop where BIM was used as a real-time 3D visualization tool, in the form of a touchscreen where the actors were able to furnish the floor plans along with VR glasses supporting the actors’ experiences of the furnished spaces. Using participant observation and written feedback on post-its, data was collected from the design workshops. Activity systems have been used to analyze the contradictions of the activities derived from the evaluations. Based on the analysis, improvements for future furnishing design processes using Knotworking, BIM and VR are suggested. The contributions of this paper lie in the practical example of how Knotworking can be applied in a furnishing design project with the use of BIM and VR, and suggested improvements for future Knotworking furnishing design workshops using digital tools.
Publikationsdatojan. 2017
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2017
BegivenhedWhen Social Science meets LEAN and BIM: Bridging the Gap: 5th International Workshop - University College Northern Denmark, Aalborg, Danmark
Varighed: 25 jan. 201727 jan. 2017
Konferencens nummer: 5


KonferenceWhen Social Science meets LEAN and BIM: Bridging the Gap
LokationUniversity College Northern Denmark


  • Byggeri, miljø og energi