Changes in nutritional routines at discharge in Scandinavia during a 10-year period: a follow-up survey

Anne Pohju, Anne Marie Beck, Kerstin Belquid, Henrik Højgaard Rasmussen

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review

    Abstract

    SummaryBackground and aimsTime to treat malnutrition during hospital admission is limited due to short hospital stays. Therefore, nutritional care often needs to be continued after discharge from hospital. However, health care professionals’ attitudes and discharge routines may not always support continuity of good nutritional practice. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in nutritional discharge routines and related attitudes in Scandinavia (Denmark, Norway, Sweden) over a 10-year period.MethodsA survey among doctors and nurses in Scandinavian hospitals was conducted in 2012/2014 and results were compared with an identical survey from 2004. Differences between countries were also studied.ResultsResponse rate in 2012/2014 survey was 25% with 2733 questionnaires returned. There was a statistically significant difference between the countries regarding proportions of respondents reporting routinely measuring patients’ weight at discharge (Denmark 14% vs. Norway 4% vs. Sweden 22%, p < 0.0005). However, these proportions had increased since the 2004 survey in all countries. In Denmark and Sweden, evaluation of nutritional status at discharge was more often stated to be a standard procedure in 2012/2014 compared to 2004 (10% vs. 18%, p < 0.0005; 8% vs. 15%, p < 0.0005, respectively). A statistically significant increase was found in the proportion of Danish and Swedish participants responding that the nutritional regimens initiated during hospital stay are always included in discharge summaries (35% vs 41%, p < 0.004; 51% vs. 63%, p < 0.0005, respectively).ConclusionsThe results suggest a positive development in the nutritional discharge routines. Nevertheless, there appears to be room for improvement. Differences in the nutritional practices still exist between the Scandinavian countries
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftClinical Nutrition ESPEN
    Vol/bind28
    Sider (fra-til)148-152
    ISSN2405-4577
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2018

    Emneord

    • Sundhed, ernæring og livskvalitet

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