Changes in pain, daily occupations, lifestyle, and health following an occupational therapy lifestyle intervention: a secondary analysis from a feasibility study in patients with chronic high-impact pain

Svetlana Solgaard Nielsen, Søren Thorgaard Skou, Anette Enemark Larsen, Romanas Polianskis, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Kristian Kjær-Staal Petersen, Anne Skov Østergaard, Henrik Bjarke Vægter, Jens Søndergaard, Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

This study explored changes in pain-related parameters, occupational function, occupational balance, lifestyle factors, and self-perceived health status in adults with chronic high-impact pain participating in an occupational therapy lifestyle intervention. This one-group longitudinal feasibility study was performed in three continuous feasibility rounds. The occupational therapists-led intervention targeted meaningful occupations, regular physical activity, and a healthy diet. The intervention contained individual and group sessions and was added to the standard multidisciplinary chronic pain treatment. Outpatients (n=40, 85% females, 46.6 ± 10.9years old) participated in the study between April 2019 and December 2021. The analysis includes data for 31 participants. Analysis of pre-post changes assessed after each feasibility round were performed for the outcomes: pain intensity, pain sensitivity and pain modulation (pressure pain threshold and tolerance, temporal summation of pain and conditioned pain modulation), pain self-efficacy, pain catastrophizing, motor and process skills, occupational balance, daily wake-time movement, daily walking steps, body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, and self-perceived health status. Improvements in motor skills (assessment of motor and process skills score=0.20 (1.37; 1.57), 95% CI 0.01; 0.38) and temporal summation of pain (-1.19 (2.86; -1.67), 95% CI -2.16; -0.22), but a decrease in pain tolerance (-7.110 (54.42; 47.32), 95% CI -13.99; -0.22) were observed. Correlation analysis suggested moderate-to-very strong statistically significant relationships in several outcomes related to pain, health, pain coping, occupational balance, occupational functioning, body anthropometrics, and pain sensitivity. This study suggested that the lifestyle intervention would benefit motor skills while effects on other outcomes were unclear in adults with chronic pain. To confirm the findings, a randomized trial evaluating effectiveness is needed. Ethical committee number: SJ-307 Reg. Clinicaltrials.gov:

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer20230043
TidsskriftScandinavian journal of pain
Vol/bind24
Udgave nummer1
Antal sider11
ISSN1877-8860
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2023

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