Development of Nondestructive Screening Methods for Single Kernel Characterization of Wheat

Jesper Pram Nielsen, Dorthe Kjær Pedersen, Lars Munck

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review


The development of nondestructive screening methods for single seed protein, vitreousness, density, and hardness index has been studied for single kernels of European wheat. A single kernel procedure was applied involving, image analysis, near-infrared transmittance (NIT) spectroscopy, laboratory density determination, single kernel characterization system (SKCS), and finally Kjeldahl protein determination on the crushed single kernels. Single kernel NIT spectroscopy showed excellent ability to determine protein content, and some ability for determination of single kernel vitreousness. Nondestructive determination of single kernel density, either based on NIT spectroscopy or based on image analysis and kernel weight, needs to be further improved for practical use. The use of SKCS hardness index as a true single kernel hardness reference in a NIT prediction model resulted in a poor predictability. However, by applying an averaging approach, in which single seed replicate measurements are mathematically simulated, a very good NIT prediction model was achieved. This suggests that the single seed NIT spectra contain hardness information, but that a single seed hardness method with higher accuracy is needed to achieve a good NIT prediction model for single kernel hardness.
TidsskriftCereal Chemistry
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)274
Antal sider280
StatusUdgivet - maj 2003


  • Teknik, ingeniørvidenskab og IT