Early detection of diabetes after pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes

Jane Hyldgård Nielsen, Charlotte Overgaard, Christinna Rebecca Olesen, Henrik Bøggild, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Rikke Nørmark Mortensen

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftPosterForskning

Abstract

Title: Early detection of diabetes after pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes

Background: Women whose pregnancy was complicated by gestational diabetes have a 7-fold higher risk of developing diabetes, primarily type 2. 40% of women with a history gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) develops type 2 diabetes within a ten-year period. Early detection can prevent or delay the onset of late complications, for which follow-up screening is important. The women are recommended follow-up screening every 1-2 years after birth do to the potentials in early detection of diabetes and prevention of health consequences for women.

Aims: Examine the extent of participation in follow-up screening in the Danish Region of North Jutland, and the possible consequences of nonattendance.
Methods: A register based study. In Danish national registers 2171 birthing women whose pregnancy was complicated by GDM and their participating in follow-up screening were identified. Diagnosis of diabetes or treatment with glucose-lowering agents after giving birth were also identified.

Results: Attendance in follow-up screening significantly decreased with time after giving birth. Women attending follow-up screening had a significantly higher risk of diabetes diagnosis and treatment after GDM than women not attending. Women with high incomes had a significantly lower risk of diabetes diagnosis or initiation of treatment compared to low-income women.

Conclusion: Participation in follow-up screening after gestational diabetes is low in the North Denmark Region. Follow-up screening ensures early detection of diabetes and initiation of treatment. This emphasizes the importance of development of interventions to improve early detection and prevention of diabetes after gestational diabetes.


OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato2016
StatusUdgivet - 2016
BegivenhedNJF 2016 - Nordisk jordemoderforbunds kongres: NJF 2016 - Nordisk jordemoderforbunds kongres - Göteborg, Göteborg, Sverige
Varighed: 12 maj 201614 maj 2016
http://njfcongress.se/

Konference

KonferenceNJF 2016 - Nordisk jordemoderforbunds kongres
LokationGöteborg
LandSverige
ByGöteborg
Periode12/05/1614/05/16
Internetadresse

Emneord

  • Sundhed, ernæring og livskvalitet

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