Effects of mutagenesis of aspartic acid residues in the putative phosphoribosyl diphosphate binding site of Escherichia coli phosphoribosyl diphosphate synthetase on metal ion specificity and ribose 5-phosphate binding

Martin Willemoës, Dan Nilsson, Bjarne Hove-Jensen

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    Abstract

    The three conserved aspartic acid residues of the 5-phospho-D-ribosyl alpha-1-diphosphate binding site (213-GRDCVLVDDMIDTGGT-228) of Escherichia coli phosphoribosyl diphosphate synthetase were studied by analysis of the mutant enzymes D220E, D220F, D221A, D224A, and D224S. The mutant enzymes showed an increase in KM for ribose 5-phosphate in the presence of at least one of the divalent metal ions Mg2+, Mn2+, Co2+, or Cd2+, with the most dramatic changes revealed by the D220E and D220F enzymes in the presence of Co2+ and the D221A enzyme in the presence of Mn2+ or Co2+. The D220F and D221A enzymes both showed large decreases in Vapp in the presence of the various divalent metal ions, except for the D221A enzyme in the presence of Co2+. Vapp of the D220E enzyme was similar to that of the wild-type enzyme in the presence of Mg2+, Mn2+, or Cd2+, whereas the Vapp was increased in the presence of Co2+. Vapp values of the D224A and D224S enzymes were lowered to 10-15-fold and 3-4-fold in the presence of Mg2+ or Mn2+, respectively, whereas Vapp was similar to that of the wild-type and KM for Rib-5-P was increased 4-fold in the presence of Cd2+. The changes in KM for ribose 5-phosphate and Vapp of the mutant enzymes were dependent on the metal ion present, suggesting a function of the investigated aspartic acid residues both in the binding of ribose 5-phosphate, possibly via a divalent metal ion, and in the interaction with a divalent metal ion during catalysis
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftBiochemistry
    Vol/bind35
    Udgave nummer25
    Sider (fra-til)8181-8186
    ISSN0006-2960
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1996

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