Endogenous modulation of pain – no apparent differences in the magnitude of inhibitory response between exercise-induced hypoalgesia and conditioned pain modulation

Morten Pallisgaard Støve, Rogerio Pessoto Hirata, Thorvaldur Skuli Palsson

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftAbstraktForskningpeer review

Abstract

Background and aims: Recent findings suggest that there may be a link between the tolerance to stretch and endogenous inhibitory pain mechanisms which can be induced with paradigms of exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) and conditioned pain modulation (CPM). Although both methods are known to increase pain tolerance in healthy adults activating a CPM response seems to induce a greater inhibitory response compared with exercise. The aim of the study was to compare the magnitude of inhibitory response induced by EIH and CPM. Methods: Nineteen healthy male participants were included in this randomized, repeated-measures cross-over study conducted in two sessions (EIH & CPM) on separate days. Passive knee extension range of motion (PROM) and pressure pain thresholds (PPT) were assessed before and after the induction of an EIH and CPM response. The EIH was assessed following a 3-minute isometric muscle contraction of the hand flexors and CPM was assessed following a cold pressor test. The difference in PROM and PPTs between measurements was extracted for data analysis. Results: A statistically significant increase in PROM (p < 0.034) and PPT (p < 0.027) was found after both EIH and CPM. However, no differences in PROM or PPTs were seen when comparing EIH and CPM (p = 1.00). Also, moderate and significant correlations in pain sensitivity responses were found between EIH and CPM (Rho = 0.562, p = 0.01). Conclusion: Engaging endogenous pain modulatory systems results in a significant increase in PROM and PPTs however, no differences were seen when comparing EIH and CPM.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato4 jul. 2019
StatusUdgivet - 4 jul. 2019
BegivenhedPain in Europe XI: 11 th. Congress of the European Pain Federation EFIC - Valencia, Spanien
Varighed: 4 sep. 20197 sep. 2019
Konferencens nummer: 11
https://efic-congress.org/

Konference

KonferencePain in Europe XI
Nummer11
LandSpanien
ByValencia
Periode04/09/1907/09/19
Internetadresse

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