Et kritisk bidrag til en etisk seksualpædagogik tænkt med teorier af Jacques Lacan, Jean-Luc Marion og Emmanuel Lévinas. ”Fænomenologiske overvejelser i forhold til seksualiteten, subjektet og etikken sat i forhold til seksualpædagogisk arbejde i socialpsykiatrien.”

Publikation: Ph.d. afhandling/ kandidat/ diplomKandidatspecialeForskning

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Abstract

Thesis.
A critical contribution to an ethical sexual pedagogy through theories of Jacques Lacan, Jean-Luc Marion and Emmanuel Lévinas.
In Denmark, we educate social workers, social pedagogues, and health workers in sexology.27 The state presents its view on how to get sexuality on the agenda in social services.28 In the advices and the literature on the curriculum at the diploma in sexual advisement (supplement to the BA undergraduate level), sexuality is understood mainly as a need that can be fulfilled. The ethical way to work with this is seen in line with the ethic of duty, consequence and virtue. This means, that all people has the right to fulfill their sexual needs in line with their own virtue assuming that the consequences are good for themselves, the people around them and society. The goal of this thesis is to give a more nuanced picture of what sexuality is, and to contribute to the discussion with other theories of ethics than that of right, consequences and virtue. The theme is limited to the question: How can we work ethically with sexuality, as a dilemma in the life of people who use the help offered in social psychiatry?
In the thesis I suggest that we must understand the phenomenon of sexuality, not as something we can define, but as something that defines us. If I think, that the sexuality defines who I am, it is most important how I interact with it, what I expect of it, and how I experience it. For the pedagogue who works with the sexuality of the mentally ill, the ethics becomes a question of whether or not you have acted in accordance with your desires - this question, which Lacan poses, goes for both the mentally ill and the pedagogical sexologist. It is to be understood as whether or not you are willing to overcome your resistance and put your desire under analysis. This is, through the interpretation
27 UCL, "Diplomuddannelse i Seksualvejledning," http://ucl.dk/videreuddannelse-og-praksisudvikling/diplomuddannelser/sociale-diplomuddannelser/den-sociale-diplomuddannelse-seksualvejledning/ (accessed 13-09, 2013).
28 Henriette Holmskov and Anne Skov, Seksualitet På Dagsordenen: En Håndbog Om Professionel Støtte Til Voksne Med Funktionsnedsættelse http://www.socialstyrelsen.dk/handicap/seksualitet/seksualitet-pa-dagsordenen (Odense: Socialstyrelsen, 2012), 60 sider, ill. i farver. (accessed 13-09, 2013).
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of Kirsten Hyldgaard, not as a question of whether or not you should give in to your desires, but rather that you, through the analysis and the acceptance of the analyst, will have an opportunity partly to accept, and have knowledge of your desires.
The thesis opens up for new answers to the subject of sexology, which is not only a matter of biology, a need, reproduction, sexual health or sexual rights, but rather in line with Freud’s theory of sexuality as part of the unconscious. It influences the way we interact with other people, when we identify with them, and it is that in life which we can’t fully understand. It is always something more than we can imagine, understand and comprehend. Here a new phenomenology by Jean Luc Marion is introduced, a theory of saturated phenomena. It merges this with Lacans concept of things that do not exist and Lévinas’ theory of desire of infinity. The paper wishes to analyze Lévinas and Lacan with Marion in an attempt to find new meanings of the excess´ of sexuality in relation to the ethics in sexual pedagogy.
In order for the sexual pedagogue to intervene with an ethical way of behaving, he/she must accept the suspension of the sentiment of enlightment (or the transcendental subject) and listen to the phenomenon instead of trying to master it. But this is not a matter of will, activity or something the pedagogue can learn. It is a matter of a humble attitude towards what we can’t control.
The thesis concludes that the ethics of duty, virtue and consequence is not sufficient to cover the kind of dilemmas which occur in the field of sexology. The help that we must provide to the mentally ill can’t just be that of concrete advice. Often the dilemmas are of a more complex nature, than that which can be solved by teaching how to masturbate, how to get a lover or the likes. In accordance with these dilemmas a new ethics is proposed, an ethics where the unconscious of the helper meet the unconscious of the Other or with the words of Lévinas “the otherness of the Other”.
OriginalsprogDansk
StatusUdgivet - 30 jun. 2013

Emneord

  • seksualitet

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