Ethical Challenges when Interviewing Close Relatives Together – An Integrative Review

Barbara Voltelen, Hanne Konradsen, Birte Østergaard

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftAbstraktForskningpeer review


Background and purpose
Interviewing two interrelated persons (or more) simultaneously might pose different ethical considerations than interviewing just one person. Such ethical considerations, however, remain largely undescribed in literature, challenging the researcher who wishes to conduct them. The purpose of this study is to describe the special ethical perspectives concerning joint interviews with interrelated persons.
An integrative review was performed. A search was conducted in Pub Med, Cinahl, Philosophers Index and Academic Search from 1980 -2014. Data corpus from the 17 articles was analysed using thematic analysis with an inductive approach searching for themes about ethical considerations doing joint interviews. The SPIDER search tool was applied using keywords relatives, ethic, dyadic interview, challenges and qualitative methods created on the basis of relevant pseudonyms, Mesh and search terms.
In total 17 articles were located, 9 containing relevant information about dyadic interviewing, only dealing subtly with questions of ethics. Another 8 articles addressed both dyadic interviewing and ethical considerations. Findings were divided into three different themes: The researcher/interviewer, Planning of joint interviews and Participant well-being.
Conclusions and implications
The nature of joint interviews poses many ethical challenges as more people are involved. They provide insight into shared accounts and communication patterns between interviewees, highlighting an ethical demand on the researcher to pay attention to all parties. The planning process can be challenging due to logistics and informants are instructed only to reveal things they would like to share. The well-being of all interviewees should be preserved at all times, avoiding harm from topics that cause disagreement and topics difficult to address. The researcher should avoid taking any side and reframe any questions that seem to cause distress.
Publikationsdato20 aug. 2015
Antal sider1
StatusUdgivet - 20 aug. 2015
Begivenhed12th international Family Nursing Conference: Improving Family Health Globally through Research, Education and Practice - Odense, Danmark
Varighed: 18 aug. 201520 aug. 2015


Konference12th international Family Nursing Conference: Improving Family Health Globally through Research, Education and Practice