Integrating an occupational perspective on health in dementia enabling communities

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftPaper/skriftligt oplægForskningpeer review

Abstract

Background
Among older people in European, dementia is the leading cause of dependency and disability and currently affects around 10 million people. This calls for new ways of enabling people to live meaningfully with this condition. A proposed solution is ‘dementia villages’ as a safe and meaningful way of living for people with dementia (PD). However, dementia villages have also been criticized, arguing that this type of living is dishonest and basically is an institution disguised to look like the ‘real world’.
Relevance
Dementia has been described as a condition leading to ’prescribed disengagement’ from meaningful occupations, resulting in decreased quality of life. Building enabling communities that allows for meaningful occupational opportunities and inclusion are therefore needed and calls for innovative and interdisciplinary solutions.
Aim
The aim was to explore how a meaningful everyday life is understood and achieved in the context of the first Danish dementia village.
Methods
A methodology for user involvement in public service development and evaluation, called the BIKVA Methodology was used employing a combination of methods. 48 participants took part in the study: PD (7), staff (10), relatives (8), different stakeholders (10) and volunteers (13).
Results
The findings revealed different understandings of when, where, and how a meaningful everyday life could be understood and achieved for PD, and also showed involvement of volunteers were a prerequisite for the possibility of providing a broad range of meaningful occupations for the residents.
Conclusions
A large group of the residents was not able independently to benefit from the occupational possibilities provided, since it reguired support beyond what could be provided. Developing dementia enabling communities may thereby require involvement of the civil society to a degree that challenge the traditional way of organizing health care in Denmark.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato30 aug. 2019
StatusUdgivet - 30 aug. 2019
BegivenhedOccupational Science Europe Conference: Europe in transitions: Impact on occupation and health - Amsterdam, Holland
Varighed: 29 aug. 201931 aug. 2019

Konference

KonferenceOccupational Science Europe Conference
LandHolland
ByAmsterdam
Periode29/08/1931/08/19

Emneord

  • Sundhed, ernæring og livskvalitet

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