Inter-examiner reproducibility of clinical tests and criteria used to identify subacromial impingement syndrome

Mikkel Vind, Søren Bie Bogh, Camilla Marie Larsen, Hans Kromann Knudsen, Karen Søgaard, Birgit Juul-Kristensen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review


Introduction: A specific algorithm has been proposed for classifying impingement related shoulder pain in athletes with overhead activity. Data on the interexaminer reproducibility of the suggested clinical tests and criteria and their mutual dependencies for identifying subacromial impingement symptoms (SIS) are not available.

Objective: To test the inter-examiner reproducibility of selected tests and criteria suggested for classifying SIS and the mutual dependencies of each of the individual tests and SIS.

Method: A standardised three-phase protocol for clinical reproducibility studies was followed, consisting of a training, an overall agreement and a study phase. To proceed to the study phase, an overall agreement of 0.80 was required. In total 10, 20 and 44 subjects were included in the three phases, respectively. The case prevalence in the study phase was 50%. The inclusion criterion for cases was $3, and for controls #1 positive test out of four. Cohen’s k statistics were used for calculating agreement.

Results: In the overall agreement phase, an agreement of 0.90 was obtained, while in the study phase it was 0.98 with a k of 0.95 for SIS. k Values for the individual tests varied between 0.60 and 0.95. Mutual dependencies between each test and SIS showed Neer’s test with anterior pain to be most often used to determine SIS.

Conclusions: Inter-examiner reproducibility was moderate to almost perfect for the selected tests and criteria for SIS. The next challenge will be to establish reproducibility in clinical practice, as well as the validity of the tests and criteria for SIS.
TidsskriftBMJ Open
Udgave nummer1
StatusUdgivet - 2011