Lack of research-based standards for accessible housing: problematization and exemplification of consequences

Tina Helle, Åse Brandt, Bjørn Slaug, Susanne Iwarsson

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Abstract
Objective
To increase the understanding of how definitions of standards for housing design influence the proportion of dwellings not meeting the standards and the proportion of individuals defined as having accessibility problems.
Methods
The sample was old people and their dwellings in three European countries (N=1,150). Frequencies and percentages were reported and empirical distribution functions were used.
Results
Depending on the functional profile and standard in questions, the magnitude of influence of the standards differs in extent. E.g., the existing standard for door openings at the entrance (defined ≥75cm) implied that the proportion of dwellings not meeting it was 11.3% compared to 64.4%, if the standard was set to ≥83cm. The proportion of individuals defined as having accessibility problems for profiles not using of mobility devices was 4-5%, 57% for profiles using them, while 1-3% for the total sample if the standard was set to 90cm.
Conclusion
Research-based standard definitions for housing design are necessary in order to ensure that they actually lead to enhanced accessibility, which is a prerequisite of independence and health for persons with functional limitations.
Keywords: Housing standards, social inclusion, older persons, functional limitations, public health.


OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Public Health
ISSN1661-8556
StatusUdgivet - 2011

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