Learning effectiveness of 360° video: experiences from a controlled experiment in healthcare education

Frank Ulrich, Niels Henrik Helms, Uffe Poulsgaard Frandsen, Anne Vollen Rafn

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review


Recent advances in virtual reality (VR) technologies provide new opportunities for e-learning by giving the students an increased sense of presence. One of the VR technologies recently introduced to the public is (360-degree) 360° video. Despite its limited empirical backing as an effective educational tool, this emerging technology could prove useful for e-learning and thus become a feasible IT-investment for education institutions. This paper reports on a controlled experiment with 360° video used in healthcare education. Eighty-one physiotherapy students participated in the experiment. Results show 360° video to be just as effective to enhance academic performance as regular video and traditional teaching. However, 360° video and regular video were less effective than traditional teaching in students’ learning satisfaction. Only on the student’s emotions about the learning climate did 360° video outperform regular video. Our results show that when comparing these educational technologies side-by-side with traditional teaching, traditional teaching is on most constructs equally or more effective. However, 360° video is a viable alternative to VR and regular video, because it is cost-effective and have a positive effect on the user’s emotional response to the learning climate. These factors may influence how 360° video is accepted by students and educational institutions.

KEYWORDS: 360-degree video, virtual reality, learning effectiveness, healthcare education, controlled experiment, technology acceptance
TidsskriftInteractive Learning Environments
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)98-111
Antal sider14
StatusUdgivet - 2021


  • Læring, pædagogik og undervisning