Motor Performance as Predictor of Physical Activity in Children: The CHAMPS Study-DK

Lisbeth Runge Larsen, Peter Lund Kristensen, Tina Junge, Christina Trifanov Rexen, Niels Wedderkopp

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Purpose: Physical activity is associated with several health benefits in children, and physical activity habits developed in childhood tend to persist into adulthood. Physical activity may be the foundation of a healthy lifestyle and motor performance has been shown to be positively associated with physical activity in cross-sectional studies. The purpose of this study was to explore the longitudinal relationship between motor performance and physical activity in a three-year follow-up study.

Methods: Longitudinal analyses were performed using data from 673 participants (44% boys, 6-12 years old) who had been included in the Childhood Health Activity and Motor Performance School Study-DK (CHAMPS-Study DK). Baseline motor performance tests consisted of vertical jump, shuttle run, handgrip strength, backward balance, precision throw and cardiovascular fitness. Composite Z-scores were generated to express health-related fitness and performance-related fitness. Physical activity was measured by accelerometer at baseline and at three-year follow-up, and was expressed as a percentage of time in moderate to vigorous physical activity.

Results: Cardiovascular fitness, vertical jump, health-related fitness and performance-related fitness showed significant positive associations with three-year follow-up measures of physical activity in both sexes. Furthermore, the shuttle run showed significant inverse associations with follow-up measures of physical activity for both sexes.

Conclusion: Cardiorespiratory fitness, shuttle run, vertical jump, health-related fitness and performance-related fitness were significantly associated with time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity at three-year follow-up. The clinical relevance of the results indicates that cardiorespiratory fitness and shuttle run in childhood may be important determinants of physical activity in adolescence.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer2
TidsskriftMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
ISSN0195-9131
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 9 dec. 2014

Emneord

  • børn
  • bevægelse
  • fysisk aktiv

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