No further loss of dorsal root ganglion cells after axotomy in p75 neurotrophin receptor knockout mice

Bodil Sørensen, Trine Tandrup, Martin Koltzenburg, Johannes Jacobsen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

The role of the p75 neurotrophin receptor for neuronal survival after nerve crush was studied in L5 dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of knockout mice and controls with assumption-free stereological methods. Numbers of neuronal A- and B-cells were obtained using the optical fractionator and optical disector techniques. At birth, the total number of DRG neurons was 10,000 ±2,600 in control mice compared with 5,100 ±1,300 in p75 knockout mice. During postnatal development, 1,400 neuronal B-cell bodies were lost in p75 knockouts (2P ± 0.±05) and 1,100 in controls (NS), whereas the A-cell population remained stable. After a sciatic nerve crush, the total neuron loss in controls was 15.4% ±3.5% (2P ±0.05) and 22.7% 5.1% (2P <0.05) at days 14 and 42, respectively. In contrast, there was no loss in total number of neurons after crush in p75 knockout mice. Neuronal A-cell number was unchanged after the crush in p75 knockouts as well as in controls at both times. At 14 days, the population of
B-cells was reduced by 24.8% 3.6% in controls and by 6.1% ±3.5% in p75 knockouts, this difference being significant (2P ±0.001). At 42 days, the B-cell loss was 29.6% ± 5.5% in controls and 4.2% ±6.4% in p75 knockouts (2P ± 0.001). In conclusion, the lack of the p75 receptor results in neuronal DRG cells that are resistant to nerve injury, pointing to a role for the receptor in apoptosis.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Journal of Comparative Neurology
Vol/bind459
Sider (fra-til)242-250.
Antal sider9
ISSN0021-9967
StatusUdgivet - 2003

Emneord

  • Axotomy
  • neuronal survival
  • regeneration
  • stereology

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