Normalization Fifty Years Beyond: Current Trends in the Nordic Countries

Inge Storgaard Bonfils, Jan Tøssebro, Antti Teittinen, Magnus Tideman, Rannveig Traustadóttir, Hannu T. Vesala

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review


    The authors discuss recent developments in services for people with intellectual disabilities (ID) in the Nordic countries.
    They note that all of the countries saw important reforms during the 1990s, regarding both deinstitutionalization and decentralization.
    However, they posit that the litmus test of the reforms is not what happens during reform years, but after the reform energy
    decreases and political attention fades. Thus, developments after 2000 are of particular interest. The comparative analysis is based on
    research reviews in the five Nordic countries. The analysis observed a trend toward larger group homes and congregations, inequality
    across municipalities, marketization, and new public management, but also an increasing emphasis on consumer rights and the use
    of the personal assistance scheme in services for people with ID. The authors conclude that diverging trends coexist, with improvements
    going together with significant setbacks. They explore the trends from a political science perspective and, in particular, note
    how they relate to recent shifts in public management and changing drivers of change.
    TidsskriftJournal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities
    Udgave nummer2
    Sider (fra-til)134-146
    Antal sider13
    StatusUdgivet - 1 jun. 2012


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