Patient-reported outcome and muscle–tendon pain after periacetabular osteotomy are related: 1-year follow-up in 82 patients with hip dysplasia

Julie Sandell Jacobsen, Kjeld Søballe, Kristian Thorborg, Lars Bolvig, Stig Storgaard Jakobsen, Per Hölmich, Inger Mechlenburg

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review


Background and purpose — Larger prospective studies investigating periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) with patientreported outcome measures developed for young patients are lacking. We investigated changes in patient-reported outcome (PRO), changes in muscle–tendon pain, and any associations between them from before to 1 year after PAO.
Patients and methods — Outcome after PAO was investigated in 82 patients. PRO was investigated with the Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS). Muscle-tendon pain in the hip and groin region was identified with standardized clinical tests, and any associations between them were analyzed with multivariable linear regressions.
Results — HAGOS subscales improved statistically significantly from before to 1 year after PAO with effect sizes ranging from medium to very large (0.66–1.37). Muscle–tendon pain in the hip and groin region showed a large decrease in prevalence from 74% (95% CI 64–83) before PAO to 35% (95% CI 25–47) 1 year after PAO. Statistically significant associations were observed between changes
in HAGOS and change in the sum of muscle–tendon pain, ranging from –4.7 (95% CI –8.4 to –1.0) to –8.2 (95% CI–13 to –3.3) HAGOS points per extra painful entity across all subscales from before to 1 year after PAO.
Interpretation — Patients with hip dysplasia experience medium to very large improvements in PRO 1 year after PAO, associated with decreased muscle–tendon pain. The understanding of hip dysplasia as solely a joint disease should be reconsidered since muscle–tendon pain seems to play an important role in relation to the outcome after PAO.
TidsskriftActa Orthopaedica
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)40-45
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - 2019


  • Sygdom, sundhedsvidenskab og sygepleje