Point-of-Care Phalangeal Bone Mineral Density Measurement Can Reduce the Need of Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Scanning in Danish Women at Risk of Fracture

Teresa Holmberg, Mickael Bech, Jeppe Gram, Anne Pernille Hermann, Katrine Hass Rubin, Kim Brixen

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Identifying persons with a high risk of osteoporotic fractures remains a challenge. DXA uptake in women with elevated risk of osteoporosis seems to be depending on distance to scanning facilities. This study aimed to investigate the ability of a small portable scanner in identifying women with reduced bone mineral density (BMD), and to define triage thresholds for pre-selection. Total hip and lumbar spine BMD was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and phalangeal BMD by radiographic absorptiometry in 121 Danish women with intermediate or high 10-year fracture probability (aged 61-81 years). Correlation between the two methods was estimated using correlation coefficient (r) and Bland-Altman plots. A moderate correlation between phalangeal BMD versus total hip (r = 0.47) and lumbar spine (r = 0.51), and an AUC on 0.80 was found. The mean difference between phalangeal T score and total hip T score/lumbar spine T score was low, and ranged from -0.26 SD to -0.31 SD depending on site and reference database used for calculation of T scores, but, large variation was seen at an individual level. When applying a triage approach approx. one-third of all DXA scan could be avoided and only 6 % of women in the low-risk group would be false negatives.

TidsskriftCalcified Tissue International
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)244-52
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2016
Udgivet eksterntJa