Self-reported quality of activities of daily living task performance in four diagnostic groups with chronic conditions

Kristina Tomra Nielsen, Louise Klokker, Eva Ejlersen Wæhrens

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Abstract

Background/aims
To design intervention programmes addressing activities of daily living task performance problems in individuals with chronic conditions, more knowledge about the types of challenges these individuals experience is needed. The aim of this study was to examine the types of activities of daily living tasks, as well as the types of problems related to the quality of task performance, that individuals with chronic conditions report and determine similarities and differences in four diagnostic sub-groups.

Methods
Data on self-reported quality of activities of daily living task performance were collected among 593 individuals with rheumatological disease, incurable cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and schizophrenia, using the ADL-Interview. Activities of daily living tasks most frequently reported as problematic were identified within each sub-group. Sub-group profiles were generated to identify similarities and differences in quality of performance.

Results
Participants reported problems performing similar types of activities of daily living tasks across diagnostic sub-groups, especially within instrumental activities of daily living. Moreover, participants mainly reported a decreased quality of performance in terms of using extra time and/or increased physical effort while performing personal activities of daily living.

Conclusions
As individuals across four chronic conditions reported somewhat similar problems related to activities of daily living task performance, generic activities of daily living interventions addressing these problems seem appropriate, especially interventions addressing problems related to use of extra time and increased effort.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation
Vol/bind28
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)1-10
ISSN1741-1645
StatusUdgivet - 28 apr. 2021

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