Sharing Real-Time Objects in Distributed Embedded Systems

Publikation: Bog/antologi/rapport/kliniske retningslinjerRapportForskning

Abstract

With increasing intelligence in consumer products, distributed embedded systems have become more common. Sharing real time objects between nodes are one of the major challenges in cost effective systems as they often lack the resources needed for technologies like RMI and CORBA. This report describes a real industrial case of a resource constrained distributed embedded system, and suggests a middleware that could improve performance and maintainability
of the product.
The contribution of this project is to implement an effective middleware and communication layer that will ease the development of distributed applications in small resource constrained embedded systems. CORBA Event Service and “The ACE ORB” (TAO) is studied, and optimisations are suggested to decrease complexity and code size. For communication services, the Local Interconnect Network (LIN) is studied as inspiration for implementation of a transparent
communication layer using the standard UART embedded in most icrocontrollers, and RS-485 hardware on the physical layer.
The designed and implemented middleware is divided into separate modules with very little coupling, this makes it possible to replace the communication service to match other systems communication technologies and bus structures. The modularity of the middleware makes it event possible to use the middleware on a standalone node without the communication service part.
An API is provided, and a simple example of a distributed application is programmed on four 8-bit Atmel microcontrollers connected by a RS-485 bus.
The demo system shows that it is relatively simple to implement a distributed embedded system with the provided API, and the latency of the communication service is predictable.
A low coupling to hardware makes it easy to port to another platform and/or another network technology.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Antal sider99
StatusUdgivet - 27 mar. 2015

Emneord

  • Teknik, ingeniørvidenskab og IT

Citationsformater