Solution electrospinning of particle-polymer composite fibres

Lasse Christiansen, Peter Fojan

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Electrospinning is a fast, simple way to produce nano/microfibers, resulting in porous mats with a high surface to volume ratio. Another material with high surface to volume ratio is aerogel. A drawback of aerogels is its inherent mechanical weakness. To counteract this, aerogels can be embedded into scaffolds. The formation of a particle/polymer composite results in improved mechanical stability, without compromising the porosity. In the presented study, aerogel and poly(ethylene oxide) are mixed into a solution, and spun to thin fibres. Thereby a porous membrane, on the micro- and nano-scale, is produced. The maximum polymer-silica weight-ratio yielding stable fibres has also been determined. The morphology of the fibres at different weight ratios has been investigated by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Low aerogel concentrations yield few particles located in polymer fibres, whereas higher amounts resulted in fibres dominated by the aerogel particle diameters. The diameters of these fibres were in the range between 13 um to 41 um. The flowrate dependence of the fibre diameter was evaluated for polymer solutions with high particle contents. The self-supporting abilities of these fibres are discussed. It is concluded that selfsupporting polymer/aerogel composites can be made by electrospinning.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer21
TidsskriftManufacturing Review
Vol/bind3
Udgave nummer21
Antal sider6
ISSN2265-4224
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016
Udgivet eksterntJa

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