Substance abuse, dental hygiene and physical activity in adult patients with single ventricle physiology.

Dorthe Overgaard, Anne-Marie Schrader, Karen Holst Lisby, Catriona King, Rie F. Christensen, Helena F Jensen, Philip Moons

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review

    Abstract

    Objectives
    The study aims to describe substance use, dental hygiene, and physical activity in adult survivors with single ventricle physiology (SVP) and to compare the behaviors with matched controls, while the patients are particularly at risk for general health problems.

    Design
    The present study is part of a larger research project on long‐term outcomes in adult patients with SVP. A cross‐sectional, case‐control study including 59 patients out of 83 eligible patients participated in the study (response rate 71%). The patients were matched to 172 healthy controls. A questionnaire was mailed to the patients. Nonresponders did not differ significantly from the included participants on age, gender, or physical function.

    Setting
    The study was conducted at the Heart Center of Copenhagen University Hospital or the Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital.

    Results
    In these patients, 85% report alcohol consumption (92% in controls; odds ratio [OR] = 0.91; P = 0.575); 26% admit “binge drinking” (41% in controls; OR = 0.56; P = 0.041); 20% are cigarette smokers (36% in controls; OR = 0.59; P = 0.100); 12% have used cannabis over the past year (15% in controls; OR = 0.80; P = 0.596); 20% have had no dental visits during the last year (25% in controls; OR = 1.07; P = 0.684); 46% are not flossing their teeth (32% in controls; OR = 1.32; P = 0.239); and 39% are not physically active (24% in controls; OR = 1.63; P = 0.069).

    Conclusions
    While in general there was no significant differences in overall health behaviors between SVP patients and controls, SVP patients are less physically active and are less likely to binge drink.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftCongenital Heart Disease
    Vol/bind9
    Udgave nummer1
    Sider (fra-til)75-82
    ISSN1747-079X
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2014

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