An increasing number of people today live with chronic diseases that affect their quality of life and that of their families. Health professionals confirm this finding based on their clinical interventions targeting families of chronically ill patients. The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate these interventions. A systematic literature review was conducted, including previous reviews and controlled studies from 1997 to 2007 of interventions targeting caregivers of adults with stroke, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.Ten out of the 32 studies included found the interventions to have no effect, whereas effects were found in the other 22 studies in one or more areas, including burden, knowledge level, mastering skills, and satisfaction. The literature review concludes that the impact of these interventions is neither unique nor significant. The defined concepts of the randomized clinical studies appear problematic when implemented and underscore the importance of strict requirements on future randomized, controlled designs.
- kronisk syge