The expressions of emotions

Berta Vishnivetz

    Publikation: Ph.d. afhandling/ kandidat/ diplomPh.d. afhandlingForskning


    On the broadness of the vast field called “Expressions of Emotions” this study focuses on the whole bodily emotional expression.
    The main question posed is: Whether there are movement patterns specific to each emotion?. I carried out a thorough review of the theories of emotion and of expressions of emotions and movement notation that provided the sources for a careful research plan for the empirical process of this study. On this basis I chose to record onto video the four previously choreographed movements that I considered to correspond each of the following emotions: joy, fear, sadness, anger. The selection of these four emotions demanded previously to clear up the problems the above named survey ensued. When researchers want to describe a certain movement in the field of psychology and non-verbal communication, it may result in disagreements and misunderstandings which sometimes lead to methodological errors. I carried a judgement study and a component study to validate the empirical data: the recorded emotions. For the judgement study I asked 71 voluntary observers from four different countries to watch the video and made an identification of what emotion it was being displayed. The investigator’s hypothesis and observer’s response matched. For the component study seven observers were trained in an observational technique developed by the investigator about the slight spatial-temporal variations in body movements, with the aim to develop a precise and objective method to describe emotional display. The observers closely matched the investigator’s own parameters of what was expressed in the video. Other conditions which this observing system was designed to fulfil: to use simple and “objective” terms, only a short training period, and not use any special symbols. The results obtained from both the Judgement Study and the Component Study brought about evidence supporting the author’s theory that there may exist movement patterns specific for each emotions, recognisable to observers from a variety of cultural backgrounds.

    StatusUdgivet - 1993


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