Towards identifying nurse educator competencies required for simulation-based learning: A systemised rapid review and synthesis

Rikke Buus Bøje, Annie Topping, Leena Rekola, Tina Hartvigsen, Stephen Prescott, Andrew Bland, Angela Hope, Paivi Haho, Leena Hannula

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review

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Objectives: This paper presents the results of a systemised rapid reviewand synthesis of the literature undertaken
to identify competencies required by nurse educators to facilitate simulation-based learning (SBL).
Design: An international collaboration undertook a protocol-based search, retrieval and critical review.
Data Sources:Web of Science, PubMed, CINAHL Plus, PsycInfo, ERIC, the Cochrane Library and Science Direct. The
search was limited to articles published in English, 2002–2012.
Review Methods: The search terms used: nurse*, learn*, facilitator, simula*, lecturer, competence, skill*,
qualificat*, educator, health care, “patient simulation”, “nursing education” and “faculty”. The search yielded
2156 “hits”, following a review of the abstracts, 72 full-text articles were extracted. These were screened against
predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria and nine articles were retained. Following critical appraisal, the
articles were analyzed using an inductive approach to extract statements for categorization and synthesis as
competency statements.
Results: This review confirmed that there was a modest amount of empirical evidence on which to base a
competency framework. Those papers that provided descriptions of educator preparation identified simulation-
based workshops, or experiential training, as the most common approaches for enhancing skills. SBL
was not associated with any one theoretical perspective. Delivery of SBL appeared to demand competencies associated
with planning and designing simulations, facilitating learning in “safe” environments, expert nursing
knowledge based on credible clinical realism, reference to evidence-based knowledge and demonstration of
professional values and identity.
Conclusions: This review derived a preliminary competency framework. This needs further development as a
model for educators delivering SBL as part of nursing curricula.
TidsskriftNurse Education Today
Udgave nummer35
Sider (fra-til)1108-1113
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - 1 sep. 2015


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