Utility of pVHL, maspin, IMP3, S100P and Ki67 in the distinction of autoimmune pancreatitis from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

Gitte Hedegaard Jensen, Michael Bau Mortensen, Günter Klöppel, Michael Friberg Bruun Nielsen, Ole Nielsen, Sönke Detlefsen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftsartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Morphology plays an important role in the distinction of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, we aimed to determine the utility of immunohistochemical tumor markers to contribute in the distinction of these entities. In surgical specimens with AIP (n = 20), PDAC (n = 20) and normal pancreas (n = 20), the expression of pVHL, maspin, IMP3, S100P and Ki67 was examined. We evaluated intralobular reactive ducts / acinoductal metaplasia (ILDs) and extralobular ducts (ELDs) in AIP, neoplastic glands in PDAC, and ductal epithelium in the normal pancreas, using a five-tiered scoring system. The Ki67 hot spot index (Ki67-HSPI) was determined manually and using automated digital imaging analysis of virtual double stains of Ki67 and CK8. Besides, sequential dual-immunohistochemical staining of maspin/pVHL, maspin/IMP3 and Ki67/maspin was performed in a subset of the specimens. Strong overexpression of IMP3, maspin, S100P and Ki67 and loss of pVHL was observed in PDAC compared to AIP and normal pancreas. In AIP however, focal and weak aberrant expression was observed with the following proportions in ILDs/ELDs: pVHL in 45 %/85 %, maspin in 30 %/70 %, IMP3 in 55 %/5%, S100P in 10 %/35 % and Ki67-HSPI >20 % in 15 %/70 %. At least two markers were aberrantly expressed in ILDs/ELDs in 45 %/60 %. The aberrant expression was more pronounced in type 2 AIP compared to type 1. In conclusion, our data indicate that pVHL, maspin, IMP3, S100P and Ki67 can be focal and weak aberrantly expressed in AIP. However, when used as a panel, these markers seem to be useful for the differentiation of AIP from PC.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPathology, Research and Practice
Sider (fra-til)152925
ISSN0344-0338
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 19 mar. 2020

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