Change in sense of coherence and quality of life six month after injury: a prospective cohort study

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Purpose: To investigate how accidents leading to fracture affect sense of coherence and health-related quality of life 6 months later and the association between the two phenomena.
Materials and methods: A cohort study including 201 patients admitted to hospital with fractures was conducted. Data were based on structured interviewing a few days after admission and 6 months later. Sense of coherence was evaluated with a nine-item scale and health-related quality of life was examined with the subscales of Short Form-36 (SF-36).
Results: Follow-up comprised 164 patients (81.6%), mean age 47 years. Sense of coherence changed to be either stronger (43%) or weaker (41%) and was stable for 15.9% of the participants. Health-related quality of life changed positively after 6 months but did not reach normative values. Strong sense of coherence was significantly associated with the SF-36 subscales emotional role functioning, social functioning, vitality, and mental health.
Conclusions: Accidents leading to fracture can be stressful life events that could influence an individual’s sense of coherence to be stronger or weaker. The association between sense of coherence and health-related quality of life emphasises the importance of therapists supporting the patients’ personal resources and promote a salutogenic focus.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)1532-1541
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • disease, health science and nursing

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