Data Collection in the Field: Lessons from Two Case Studies Conducted in Belize

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There is a vast load of literature concerning how data collection can be conducted. This literature provides guidelines and recommendations on how data collection might be done, however, only a very limited part of this literature describes in detail how data actually are collected in the field. This paper is intended to be an example, where the methodology is explained in detail to assist and inspire other researchers, on their way to conduct interesting and important research. The data collection and fieldwork described in this paper were conducted to complete two case studies in Belize, Central America. The core of the paper is data collection methods applied in these case studies, which include selection and arrangement of interviewees, and conducting the interviews, and how secondary information was obtained. It also includes the considerations related to timing and fieldwork locations, and thoughts on positioning, power, and ethics related to the fieldwork conducted.
Original languageEnglish
Article number11
JournalThe Qualitative Report
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1218-1232
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2021


  • interview
  • research
  • case studies
  • qualitative method
  • field work
  • method

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