Entrepreneurship training in Ghana: How to enhance the value of the training?

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Due to the very high youth unemployment in Northern Ghana, there is a huge need for enterprising skills among young people. A natural focus in recent years has therefore been entrepreneurship training, focusing on training young Ghanaians to start-up businesses. Unfortunately, the young people seem to be meeting many constraints in their effort to build up sustainable businesses. The purpose of this paper is to address these constraints and search for ways to support the young entrepreneurs in turning the constraints into opportunities.
The hypothesis of this research project is that adding a focus on the young entrepreneur’s means, attitude and enterprising behaviour skills to the existing focus on starting up businesses, will increase the value of the Entrepreneurship training and support the overcoming of constraints.
The paper build on a design-based research project in collaboration with the local NGO YEfL. Based on relevant theory, a qualitative field research in Northern Ghana and a quantitative baseline survey a new Entrepreneurship Model has been designed. The new model was tested in autumn 2016 at three Entrepreneurship boot camps in Northern Ghana.
The study has revealed the five most crucial constraints, being barriers for young entrepreneurs in Northern Ghana. These constraints are; lack of start-up capital, a waiting attitude, culture and traditions not supportive, inadequate education system and a low trust level.
In conclusion, this research is able to add value to entrepreneurship training in Ghana by putting new focus on the training and shedding light on the crucial constraints. It is clear that effectual logic has much to offer when training entrepreneurship. Having to create a business plan in the first place might be an overwhelming task, not supporting the entrepreneurs to take actions. Seen in that light, it is valuable to make the young entrepreneurs start by taking small manageable steps and feel the success from each managed step.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages30
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2017


  • contracting
  • innovation and entrepreneurship
  • innovation

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