Background: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the short- and long-term effects of exercise therapy on physical function, independence, and well-being in older patients following hip fracture and, secondly, whether the effect was modified by trial-level characteristics such as intervention modality, duration, and initiation timepoint. Method: Medline, CENTRAL, Embase, CINAHL, and PEDro were searched up to November 2020. Eligibility criteria were randomized controlled trials investigating the effect of exercise therapy on physical function, independence, and well-being in older patients following hip fracture, initiated from time of surgery up to 1 year. Results: Forty-nine studies involving 3 905 participants showed a small-to-moderate effect of exercise therapy at short term (end of intervention) on mobility (standardized mean difference [SMD] 0.49, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.22-0.76); activities of daily living (ADL) (SMD 0.31, 95% CI: 0.16-0.46); lower limb muscle strength (SMD 0.36, 95% CI: 0.13-0.60); and balance (SMD 0.34, 95% CI: 0.14-0.54). At long term (closest to 1 year), small-to-moderate effects were found for mobility (SMD 0.74, 95% CI: 0.15-1.34), ADL (SMD 0.42, 95% CI: 0.23-0.61), balance (SMD 0.50, 95% CI: 0.07-0.94), and health-related quality of life (SMD 0.31, 95% CI: 0.03-0.59). Certainty of evidence was evaluated using Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation ranging from moderate to very low, due to study limitation and inconsistency. Conclusion: We found low certainty of evidence for a moderate effect of exercise therapy on mobility in older patients following hip fracture at end of treatment and follow-up. Further, low evidence was found for small-to-moderate short-term effect on ADL, lower limb muscle strength and balance.
|Translated title of the contribution||Fysisk aktivitet er effektivt til forbedring af kort- og langsigtet mobilitet, aktiviteter i daglige gøremål, og balance for ældre patienter efter hoftebrud: et systematisk review og meta-analyse|
|Journal||Journals of Gerontology. Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2022|
- disease, health science and nursing