Experimenting with GAME OVER to Create Processes of Reflection and Academic Inquiry

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Educations are challenged in their effort to facilitate students learning when it comes to especially processes of reflection. Also in a Problem-Based Learning context, errors often cause a lack of motivation, that gives reflection processes and academic inquiry difficult conditions Game-Based Learning is thus suggested as a learning strategy which can address these learning needs though a procedural rhetoric. Furthermore, Game-Based Learning is found to affords students risk taking and engagement in learning activities However, a literature review of empirical studies of Game-Based Learning reveals existing gaps in the literature. There are missing models for how academic activities can be enhanced through the use of Game-Based Learning, here especially the transformation of “Game Over” elements into a learning environment based on physical Game objects. This study aims to describe learning situations where the academic focal point is a reflective and innovative writing process through gaming principles. The study design aims to identify what impact Game-Based Learning have on facilitating academic literacy to create processes of reflection. Based on two cases, the empirical data are retrieved from video observations during a period of 1 year. A qualitative content analysis and interpretation of the collected data reveals how the use of “Game Over” strengthens the depth of the students' writing through a reflective and metacognitive approach to the task. As a contribution to the existing knowledge, this paper presents a Procedural Rhetoric for how to work with a “Game Over” strategy to facilitate academic literacy and thereby create processes of reflection in a physical context.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Conference on Games Based Learning
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)876-886
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2023
Event17th European Conference on Games Based Learning: ECGBL 2023 - University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands
Duration: 5 Oct 20236 Oct 2023
Conference number: 17


Conference17th European Conference on Games Based Learning
LocationUniversity of Twente
Internet address


  • research designs, theory and method


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