General causality orientations are distinct from but related to dispositional traits

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This study examines overlaps and distinctions between concepts of individual differences in the five-factor model and self-determination theory. Participants were 223 Danish adults (age M = 43.74; 60.09% women) originating in a national probability sample. Participants completed questionnaires of personality traits (NEO-FFI) and general causality orientations (GCOS). Distinct and overlapping latent models were tested using structural equation modeling, statistical re-sampling, and confirmatory factor analysis. Results indicate that all three causality orientations are distinct from but related to traits. From a perspective of integrative personality psychology, general causality orientations can be conceived of as characteristic adaptations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)460-465
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • social work and social conditions

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