Inter-relationships among physical activity, body fat, and motor performance in 6- to 8-year-old Danish children

Kyle M Morrison, Anna Bugge, Bianca El-Naaman, Joey C Eisenmann, Karsten Froberg, Karin A Pfeiffer, Lars Bo Andersen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    This study examined the interrelationships among physical activity (PA), percent body fat (%BF), and motor performance (MP) in 498 6- to 8-year-old Danish children. PA was assessed by accelerometer, %BF was calculated from skinfolds, and the Koordinations Test für Kinder along with a throwing accuracy test was used to assess MP. PA was not correlated with %BF, but was significantly correlated with MP. The strongest correlations existed between %BF and MP. Low %BF/High PA had higher MP scores compared with High %BF/Low PA, and within the High %BF groups MP was higher in the High PA versus Low PA group. When comparing PA by %BF and MP groups, boys in the Low %BF/High MP had higher PA than both the Low %BF/Low MP and High %BF/Low MP groups. In girls, PA was highest in the High %BF/High MP group. This study highlights the complex interrelationships among PA, %BF, and MP in children and the need to develop fundamental motor skills during childhood.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPediatric Exercise Science
    Volume24
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)199-209
    Number of pages11
    ISSN0899-8493
    Publication statusPublished - May 2012

    Keywords

    • Acceleration
    • Actigraphy/methods
    • Adipose Tissue/physiology
    • Analysis of Variance
    • Child
    • Cross-Sectional Studies
    • Denmark
    • Exercise Test/methods
    • Female
    • Humans
    • Male
    • Motor Activity/physiology
    • Motor Skills/physiology
    • Statistics as Topic
    • Task Performance and Analysis

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