Neutrophil Reactivity Intensity and misclassification of immature granulocytes

Elias Frost Wiwe, Isabella Katarina Kofoed, Muriel Julie Falk Dufréchou, Jens Peter Philipsen, Birthe Lemvig, Katrine Laura Rasmussen, Julie Smith, Thore Hillig

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction
Immature granulocyte percentage (IG%) is an important biomarker for infection control. We observed spurious cases where the IG% was dramatically underestimated on the automated Sysmex XN-series hehmatology analyzer compared with manual differential. These cases were associated with high values of “Neutrophil Reactivity Intensity” (NEUT-RI), which should reflect the metabolic activity of the neutrophils.

Methods
We conducted a three-stage study to evaluate whether NEUT-RI could be utilized to screen for misclassified IG% results defined as the manual differential estimating a 10 percentage points higher IG% compared with the automated Sysmex differential.

First, 124 patient samples were selected for 800-cell manual smear analysis based on their NEUT-RI values and compared with the automatic Sysmex IG% results. Next, 11 098 routine 110-cell manual smear analyses were compared with the corresponding Sysmex IG% results. Finally, during a 19-day period 160 additional patient samples underwent smear based on NEUT-RI values ≥56 fluorescence intensity (FI) to screen for misclassified results beyond our current smear practice.

Results
NEUT-RI ≥56 predicted IG% misclassification with 91% sensitivity and 88% specificity, but primarily when the internal Sysmex flag “Abnormal WBC Scattergram” was present. 90.1% of misclassified results were identified by this flag. Beyond our existing smear rules including this flag, NEUT-RI ≥56 FI had a positive predictive value below 1%.

Conclusion
Both NEUT-RI and the internal Sysmex flag “Abnormal WBC Scattergram” work well to identify cases of IG% misclassification. However, in our setting NEUT-RI ≥56 FI had no meaningful additional predictive capacity to identify misclassifications beyond our current smear rules.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Volume46
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)312-321
Number of pages10
ISSN1751-5521
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

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