Older adults' experiences and expectations after discharge from home-based occupational therapy

Tove Lise Nielsen, Merete Bender Bjerrum, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Kirsten Schultz Petersen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Home-based occupational therapy can improve older adults' occupational performance, but maintaining improvements presents challenges, and service development is needed. In this study, older adults' experiences and expectations concerning their occupational performance after discharge from home-based occupational therapy were examined and used to develop suggestions for improved practice.
Method: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 11 older adults living alone or with a spouse. The interviews were analysed using inductive content analysis.
Findings: The older adults still strove to improve and maintain their occupational performance using various strategies; their desire for independence was strong, but some could accept a lesser degree of independence.
Conclusion: From the findings and existing literature, ideas were developed to improve home-based occupational therapy and support maintenance of occupational performance after discharge. These ideas include: (a) finding strategies to achieve satisfactory occupational performance that does not necessarily entail full independence, (b) increased focus on the use and transfer of problem-solving strategies, (c) acknowledging and addressing possible reluctance to use assistive devices, and (d) individually scheduled follow-up visits post occupational therapy. Future research should examine the effectiveness and applicability of these ideas.
Translated title of the contributionÆldre borgeres oplevelser og forventninger vedrørende deres udførelse af daglige aktiviteter efter et afsluttet ergoterapeutisk forløb i hjemmet
Original languageEnglish
Article numberDOI: 10.1177/0308022618756217
JournalBritish Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume81
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)450-459
Number of pages10
ISSN0308-0226
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • health, nutrition and quality of life
  • content analysis
  • elderly
  • home
  • occupational Performance
  • occupational Therapy
  • older adults

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