Prevalence of constipation and associated factors among patients with heart disease: A cross-sectional survey

Amanda Cigarlos Dahlman, Hanne Konradsen, Signe Stelling Risom, Trine Bernholdt Rasmussen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Background: Among patients with heart disease, constipation has been found to be associated with cardiovascular events and mortality. Nonetheless, constipation is often overlooked in cardiac care. Aim: To describe the prevalence of patient-reported symptoms of constipation in patient with heart disease and explore associated factors. Methods: Survey with medical record linkage. Included from a cardiac unit at two urban hospitals were 451 patients. Data included the Constipation Assessment Scale, questions on laxatives and other strategies to maintain regular bowel function. Results: Participants’ mean age was 68 (SD 14), and 62% were male. A total of 28% reported symptoms of constipation. Patients using laxatives or other strategies to maintain regular bowel movements reported significantly more constipation compared with non-users. Conclusions: Constipation was common. Though causal relationships among factors cannot be inferred, data indicate that laxative use and patients’ own strategies may be suboptimal.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNordisk Sygeplejeforskning
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1–13
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • cardiovascular diseases

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