Rumination is associated with the phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories and future scenarios

Dorthe Kirkegaard Thomsen, Anette Schnieber, Martin Hammershøj Olesen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In the present studies it was investigated whether rumination was associated with the phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories and future scenarios. In three studies student participants completed questionnaires on rumination and recalled and rated a positive and a negative memory. In Studies 2 and 3 participants also generated and rated a positive and a negative future scenario. Memories were rated on reliving and emotional valence; future scenarios were rated on reliving, emotional valence, and how probable the scenario was. Generally, the results showed that a higher degree of rumination was related to more reliving of negative memories and future scenarios as well as more negative expectations for the future scenarios. These processes may help explain why rumination predicts depression and other types of negative affect.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMemory
Volume19
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)574-584
Number of pages11
ISSN0965-8211
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Forecasting
  • Humans
  • Journal Article
  • Male
  • Memory, Episodic
  • Mental Recall
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Thinking

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