Self-reported self-control in breast-cancer patients

Anette Schnieber, Mikael Birkelund Jensen-Johansen

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

”SELF-REPORTED SELF-CONTROL IN BREAST-CANCER PATIENTS” Aims: Previous research in cognitive deficits in cancer patients and in the processes involved in ego-depletion converge to suggest that cancer patients are facing more self-control challenges compared to the background population due to emotional and treatment-related aspects of being a cancer patient. The present study therefore tested the hypotheses that 1) cancer patients would report lower levels of self-control; and 2) self-control would be predicted by depressive symptoms, cancer-related distress, social constraint, and cognitive deficits. Methods: 123 Danish women treated for breast-cancer were invited to complete a battery of self-administered questionnaires; 95 (77%) completed the questionnaires relevant for the present study (BSCS; BDI; IES; SCS; 4 items from the EORCT regarding fatigue, general quality of life, and problems with memory and concentration). The hypotheses were tested by conducting a linear regression analysis in SPSS version 20. Results: The participants did not report lower self-control than the background population (mean = 49.17, SD = 7.21). Data regarding depressive symptoms, cancer-related distress, social constraint, and problems with memory and concentration were log transformed due to positive skewness before being entered as predictors together with fatigue and quality of life. None of these variables predicted self-control in the final model (β = -.27 - .13; adjusted R2 = .15, ∆ R2 = .22 (p<.005). Conclusion: Cancer patients may be facing less self-control challenges than expected. However, it is also possible that the proposed problematic relationship between ego-depletion, cognitive deficits, and self-control challenges needs more time to have an impact. Changes in social support following the end of treatment may influence this process.
Translated title of the contributionSelvrapporteret selvkontrol hos brystkræftpatienter
Original languageEnglish
JournalQuality of Life Research
Volume25
Issue numbersupplement 1
Pages (from-to)65-66
ISSN0962-9343
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Eventthe 23rd Annual Conference of the International Society for Quality of Life Research (ISOQOL). - SAS Radission Blu Scandinavian Hotel, København, Denmark
Duration: 19 Oct 201622 Oct 2016

Conference

Conferencethe 23rd Annual Conference of the International Society for Quality of Life Research (ISOQOL).
LocationSAS Radission Blu Scandinavian Hotel
Country/TerritoryDenmark
CityKøbenhavn
Period19/10/1622/10/16

Keywords

  • disease, health science and nursing
  • breast cancer
  • rehabilitation
  • self-control

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