Slipping during side-step cutting: anticipatory effects and familiarization

Anderson Souza Castelo Oliveira, Priscila Brito Silva, Morten Enemark Lund, Dario Farina, Uwe Gustav Kersting

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The aim of the present study was to verify whether the expectation of perturbations while performing side-step cutting manoeuvres influences lower limb EMG activity, heel kinematics and ground reaction forces. Eighteen healthy men performed two sets of 90° side-step cutting manoeuvres. In the first set, 10 unperturbed trials (Base) were performed while stepping over a moveable force platform. In the second set, subjects were informed about the random possibility of perturbations to balance throughout 32 trials, of which eight were perturbed (Pert, 10cm translation triggered at initial contact), and the others were "catch" trials (Catch). Center of mass velocity (CoMVEL), heel acceleration (HAC), ground reaction forces (GRF) and surface electromyography (EMG) from lower limb and trunk muscles were recorded for each trial. Surface EMG was analyzed prior to initial contact (PRE), during load acceptance (LA) and propulsion (PRP) periods of the stance phase. In addition, hamstrings-quadriceps co-contraction ratios (CCR) were calculated for these time-windows. The results showed no changes in CoMVEL, HAC, peak GRF and surface EMG PRE among conditions. However, during LA, there were increases in tibialis anterior EMG (30-50%) concomitant to reduced EMG for quadriceps muscles, gluteus and rectus abdominis for Catch and Pert conditions (15-40%). In addition, quadriceps EMG was still reduced during PRP (p<.05). Consequently, CCR was greater for Catch and Pert in comparison to Base (p<.05). These results suggest that there is modulation of muscle activity towards anticipating potential instability in the lower limb joints and assure safety to complete the task.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHuman Movement Science
Pages (from-to)128-36
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Adult
  • Anticipation, Psychological/physiology
  • Biomechanical Phenomena/physiology
  • Electromyography
  • Humans
  • Joints/physiology
  • Male
  • Muscle, Skeletal/physiology
  • Orientation/physiology
  • Postural Balance/physiology
  • Recognition (Psychology)/physiology
  • Running/physiology

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