Studying Children’s friendship activities ethically using the Interaction Based Observation Method.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingContribution to book/anthology

Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to acknowledge the influence that the interaction based observation method developed by Mariane Hedegaard has had on my studies of young children’s friendship activities. Hedegaard has problematized how existing methods of evaluating children’s development were inadequate. These methods were based on the assumption of testing children as if a test situation can be a neutral and context free activity. Hedegaard developed an alternative approach, the interaction based observation method. The approach brings to the fore ethical considerations while it focuses on identifying children’s motives and competences. By taking the child’s perspective it places the researcher as interpreter of children’s apparently intentional actions and the motives they convey, giving considerable power to the researcher. In this chapter I consider the method and its ethical implications for early childhood research and how Hedegaard’s methods address these concerns. The method also offered a new and important perspective on analyzing pedagogical practices and the conditions in institutions when considering children’s learning and development. Since the 1980s, the interaction based observation method has been fundamental to the education of pedagogues in early childhood pedagogy in Denmark. These same ethical concerns and ways of overcoming them are therefore also relevant to early education practice.
Translated title of the contributionEtiske studier af børns venskaber med den interaktionsbaserede observationsmetode
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCultural-historical approaches to studying learning and development: societal, institutional and personal perspectives
EditorsAnne Edwards, Marilyn Fleer, Louise Bøttcher
Number of pages14
PublisherSpringer
Publication date2019
Pages279-293
ISBN (Print)9789811368257
Publication statusPublished - 2019
SeriesPerspectives in Cultural-Historical Research

Keywords

  • children and youth

Cite this

Sørensen, H. V. (2019). Studying Children’s friendship activities ethically using the Interaction Based Observation Method. In A. Edwards, M. Fleer, & L. Bøttcher (Eds.), Cultural-historical approaches to studying learning and development: societal, institutional and personal perspectives (pp. 279-293). Springer. Perspectives in Cultural-Historical Research