Today it is well accepted, that patients are active participants in their own health and treatment, and the term self-management is a common term within health education and promotion programmes. The literature describes various self-management programmes for patients with different diseases. The programmes are generally based on social cognitive theory, which Bandura describes as to involve knowledge of the specific disease, perceived self-efficacy, health goal setting, and strategies to retain or improve health outcomes.1
Many definitions of self-management exist and are not a straightforward concept. But, self-management, in this context, may be defined as ‘to be active in managing a disease’ which, for many patients with chronic illness, may be a lifetime task. Lorig et al.2 describe three self-management tasks for patients with...
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)95-96
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022


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