The motivation and opportunities for weight loss related to the everyday life of people with obesity: A qualitative analysis within the DO:IT study

Signe Surrow, Christina Jessen-Winge, Pia Maria Ilvig, Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Unsuccessful weight loss or weight loss maintenance is due to different barriers and physical limitations related to participation in everyday life. It will, therefore, be relevant to investigate the field from an occupational therapy perspective, since occupational therapists are uniquely trained in focussing on people’s resources, meaningfulness and participation in everyday life. Aim: The aim was to explore what motivates people to lose weight from an OT perspective and which opportunities people with obesity experience in their everyday lives to achieve and maintain lost weight. Material and Methods: A descriptive phenomenological study including 21 semi-structured individual interviews was conducted as part of the DO:IT study. Results: The data analysis led to the identification of three main themes: The influence of external circumstances on the desire for weight loss; use of time in everyday life; and changes in habits, routines and structure. Conclusion: People who are overweight or obese are motivated to lose weight because of health issues and feeling more comfortable with their body. The opportunities for weight loss lie in creating habits, routines and structuring everyday life activities to facilitate a healthier lifestyle. Significance: The findings indicate that an occupational therapist should be part of weight-loss interventions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume28
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)479-487
Number of pages9
ISSN1103-8128
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • disease, health science and nursing
  • Occupational therapy
  • habits
  • lifestyle changes
  • overweight
  • the DO:IT study

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