Background: Unsuccessful weight loss or weight loss maintenance is due to different barriers and physical limitations related to participation in everyday life. It will, therefore, be relevant to investigate the field from an occupational therapy perspective, since occupational therapists are uniquely trained in focussing on people’s resources, meaningfulness and participation in everyday life. Aim: The aim was to explore what motivates people to lose weight from an OT perspective and which opportunities people with obesity experience in their everyday lives to achieve and maintain lost weight. Material and Methods: A descriptive phenomenological study including 21 semi-structured individual interviews was conducted as part of the DO:IT study. Results: The data analysis led to the identification of three main themes: The influence of external circumstances on the desire for weight loss; use of time in everyday life; and changes in habits, routines and structure. Conclusion: People who are overweight or obese are motivated to lose weight because of health issues and feeling more comfortable with their body. The opportunities for weight loss lie in creating habits, routines and structuring everyday life activities to facilitate a healthier lifestyle. Significance: The findings indicate that an occupational therapist should be part of weight-loss interventions.
- disease, health science and nursing
- Occupational therapy
- lifestyle changes
- the DO:IT study